Burning in Burma (September / October) was primarily the pleasure of making people happy and making them happy; better weather (after the end of the monsoon season), get married, move home, go hunting, and pongyis; waiting for you. traveling (monks). In short, within the three months that Buddhists lend, expect people to do what they do not or what they will do.
With impatient anticipation, & # 39; Thadingyut la pyei mee htun pwe daw & # 39; All of these wonderful things that we mentioned at the beginning of October (the Full Moon Lighted Festival) came true, and now & # 39; Tazaungmon & # 39; (October / November) The Burmese people are enjoying it all and enjoying the sunshine, & # 39; cool & # 39; and dry air.
Those who live in large quantities of hunting or get good casual gains are now earning a higher income and developing their menus fresh and tasty; but also (game) of all kinds, & # 39; Tha min & # 39; (deer) & # 39; Taw wat & # 39; (wild shell) for different species Tawat & # 39; (birds) get married and move to new homes (as many do) and pongies go to visit families they haven't seen for at least three months. Everybody experiences happiness and shows and smiles grow more and more every day; Tazaungdaing mee htun pwe daw & # 39; Tazaungdaing Lights Festival – to prepare them soon – and & # 39; Pagoda Weaving Competitions & # 39; are approaching. Tazaungmon is another happy month and is celebrated at the end.
Only two weeks have passed since we celebrated the Thadingyut Light Festival, and in about two weeks, the next popular light festival – Tazaungdaing Light Festival & # 39; will celebrate.
But Tazaungmon has more offers than pagoda festivals combined with light festivals and textile competitions. Subsequently, the people of Burma do more than just mention these two events and weddings; There's a lot going on this month, and we'll cover a little more about ourselves in the future.
Follow the colorful Burma, which has been called the Myanmar (undeniable name) since 1989 and lives the happy life of the Burmese people in Tazaungman. In the following days, we will sometimes associate with people. Then you can see what they are doing. It will help you to understand what is happening more than just reading what I write.
The four weeks between the two light festivities, accompanied by festive and ceremony presentations, "Kathein & # 39;" are called This is the time when the Burmese Buddhists are donating & Kathein shay & # 39; (Kathein pongyi dresses), slippers, & # 39; Htis & # 39; (umbrella), & # 39; Thabeiks & # 39; (charity packages), & # 39; Yes & # 39; (handheld fans), & # 39; Bagans & # 39; (tiles), & # 39; Qwes & # 39; cups, sets & # 39; Zoon, Letter, Dar & # 39; (cutlets) and even & quot; Pari baw & # 39; (furniture) and pongies money and kyaungs & # 39; (Buddhist monasteries). This is the work that Buddhists have to live up to without reaching the ultimate goal they want to achieve. It is neither existence nor existence. Of course, this work can be done at any time of the year at Sangha & # 39; can make a gift. (Buddhist Orthodox or Buddhist monastic community) but we believe that dhana & # 39; In the case of Kathein, giving is more deserving than other periods.
Pa de tha pin & # 39; it is a miracle tree that a person needs to grow and / or want. Want to eat caviar or Parma ham or beans or smoked straw or big, juicy and delicate steak or your favorite dish? Want to drink a glass of champagne or wine or whiskey, beer or any drink you like? Do you have a beautiful Lacoste uniform or a beautiful Giorgio Armani suit or a Coco or Christian Dior dress as a ghost? Or maybe you want an expensive watch piece with diamonds? No problem, the tree carries all this instead of the usual fruit and there it is. Come to think of it! Whatever you want, you just go into a turtle and just break the tree. Want words & quot; and & # 39; no more & # 39; you can simply remove it from your dictionary because you will always have everything, in any quality and in any quantity, and you will always have enough. Isn't it nice?
According to legend, this tree actually grew during the creation of mankind. But the greed and envy ended this wonderful time, because it was the tree that was destroyed. The problem is that people were allowed to collect as much as they needed to meet their immediate needs. But they began to take more than they could in a moment or consume, and took what they didn't really need because others had taken it, and wanted to keep up with the Joneses, which caused the tree to disappear. Do you know the parallels with Christianity and the paradise?
But you can see this tree again during Kathein's time. Growing & # 39; in many places. Of course, these trees are not real trees, but wooden triangular frames with wires that pass from one frame to the other. Have you ever seen the human-level objects in the paper wrapped in wires and fine paper ornaments? Yes, it looks like a Christmas tree with a Christmas star on the head. It is a pa de tha tree and & # 39; paper & # 39; ornaments are genuine banknotes attached to the frame. It looks nice, isn't it?
But the opposite is true. pa de tha pin, you don't take anything from these pa de tha trees. Instead, you put something on them, because these trees & rsquo; represents the spirit of God. For example, many street festivals at the moment show that people can see triangular-shaped wooden frames, donate fruit or cash. So, if you pass a pa de tha tree next day, please put a folded banknote or a small gift. There should not be a large amount. Any amount or anything you donate will give you and I wish you a real pa de tha tree to grow over your door and never say a word again. or hear the words & # 39; no more & # 39;
Pa de tha & # 39; trees & # 39; brought in – once with fruits & # 39; Gift from companies and ordinary people like you – accompanied by good people who have lasted for a long time & # 39; bats & # 39; (music troupes) and dance groups dedicated to monastery gifts. It is not allowed to accept more than one tree or triangular wooden frame from each monastery. The members of the Sangha (monks) include gowns, skirts, handcuffs, cooking utensils, utensils, blankets, etc. Distribution of such gifts is made by "lucky draw". or a lottery.
Tazaungdaing Festival is also called Kattika Feast & # 39; and is often mentioned in the "Jatakas". (Buddha and birth stories). When writing about Burma, I often mention Jatakas among others, and I think it is good to give you some explanations at this point. Jatakas are stories of moral and personal instruction by Siddhartha Gautama (hereafter Buddha and # 39), which are supposed to have been promoted by the Buddha in various forms of life and even by supernatural knowledge. to become. Among these various creatures were, for example, princess, deer, dog and god. Jatakas often come from the Gautama Buddha himself, and early learning about Buddhism was an important part of his education. The Jatakas are made up of three parts and Tripitaka & # 39; or & # 39; Tipitaka & # 39; The main canon of Buddhism is the canon (Pali for the Three Basket).
There are many stories and legends related to the theme of festivals in Tazaungmon. For example, there is a story that the Burmese people should thank for giving thieves the opportunity to celebrate in Tazaungmon. What are you saying? Isn't it a strange and incredible explanation for this month's festivities?
Well, it might be. As I have repeatedly said in my stories about Burma, its people, culture and Buddhism, there are often very different stories about the same thing or event, and despite all the efforts, it is difficult to find the truth without objective facts and facts. evidence. But let me know it before you can express it. I have two large and heavy flower pots in front of the door of my apartment on the ground floor. When you leave the door this morning & # 39; barrier (morning market) disappeared. It didn't take long to figure out what was happening. I got off the street and wondered what I saw? Correct me, my hands. They were there. I gave it to the two boys there and smiled at 200 kyat each (a bunch of 150 Kats so they would have a good breakfast snack) and brought dates to my door. Do you know what happened and what the thieves have to do with the Tazaungdaing Festival? Most likely you will not know it. So, I'm telling you a story that started several hundred years ago.
According to Badin & # 39; (astrologers) each planet represents the main human driver and each sign of the zodiac represents a number of human characteristics. Such is the case of Tazaungmon – so the astrologers told the kings that certain astronomical objects, especially the stars and the constellation of the moon and the direction of the moon, were critical of the conspiracy, and that these thieves were especially active. Given the strong belief that the local people (of course, including the kings) are influenced by unknown forces (superstitions), the story is increasingly a surprise for the kings to command the feast in Tazaungmon. The order was given in the hope that fun and happiness would distract people from their evil thoughts and thus not harm the thieves' business. I don't know if this trick really worked. How would I be? But what I do know is that this story, for example, is an antidote against the fact that young people and boys spend their entire nights in Tazaungmon playing practical tips for people, stealing plants and flowers. they are often seen in front of houses where they hit them on the intersections (do you know this?) or steal clothes (preferable for female clothing, for example, hanging outside for drying) and lifted on top of poles. or take the sign boards out of the shops and put them in people's doors. So in the next few days you have to be careful about the dangers and awakening. one & # 39; Thako gyi nja & # 39; (Master's Night) and pay attention to your clothes, because you can find another morning, for example, your underwear is tied on a bamboo pole and swayed in the wind. All this is certainly done in the spirit of fun. No one is angry and everyone has a good laugh. If something similar happens to you, please don't try to get angry and see the funny part of it. No one is going to hurt you.
Many stories about Tazaungmon and the Tazaungdaing Light Festival; Do you see the young woman with many ornaments there? or & # 39; As a pwe & # 39; (a group of occasional actresses and theater actresses) who throws a flower-dressed young man on top of what looks like a cart? That is, the young actress Ummadandi, who plays Ummedandi. And the young king plays Kutha. Let's go watch them, have a game, & # 39; Because pwe & # 39; (traditional Burma Theater) continues. They just play a very popular story that I want to tell you about.
Ummadandi was a beautiful young woman, according to the legend. He was the daughter of a wealthy and noble family. King Kutha had heard of her great beauty, accepted the idea of marrying her, and sent a group of priests to examine the different features of her body and face so that she could see how beautiful she was. and to see if she is suitable for being a queen.
In order to fully understand what is happening now, you must imagine that Ummedani is very famous for his amazing beauty. Of course, he was well aware of how his beauty influenced men, and he was not accustomed to having his wishes fulfilled or not. He was a true knockout and was sought by some people who were very well received by a very respectable young man. But what can a person do to become a king's dream and become the object of being a queen (!)? If King Kutha decides in his favor, the dream will come true, and he has no doubt that the priest will do so after informing the king.
So now this group of fortune tellers come to the king's order. King Kutha's interest in him was a great honor, and as a result he presented himself in the best way possible. So the king's men were warmly welcomed and offered to eat. Now it is coming. Immediately, the fortunetellers who saw Ummadani in the body began to be amazed by the dazzling beauty of Ummadani. They started to strain and make their dishes. He expressed his sorrow over his unjust behavior and forsaking the fortune-tellers. Being angry and embarrassed by their behavior and fearing the king, they decided to lie to the king and tell him that Ummadani was not fit to be a queen. After that, King Kutha decided that he was not worthy and did not ask questions. Instead, he was given to the general, who accepted him as his wife.
Of course, Ummadandi was very angry by the fortune tellers. the evil play and the wrath of the king greatly wounded his pride and emptiness; was determined to avenge. He waited patiently for a good opportunity, knowing his time would come. He probably knew he was going to be in the Cathedral, for months the king often wandered through the city's luxurious illuminated streets to show how close he was to people and to make them feel alive. to celebrate Tazaungdaing Light Festival with them. Ummadandi and her husband, the royal general, suspected that his wife was dependent on something, and ordered him to stay out of the attention of King Kuta, as he would give Kattika a job. Seeing the beauty of his wife knew that he would lose control of the king's thoughts.
Of course, he did not want to give Ummah the opportunity to take revenge. Guilt, damage to his dignity and self-esteem continued for both guards & # 39; humiliating lies and the rejection of the king were so severe that he could not keep silent. After all, they not only humiliated him but also destroyed his future career as a queen, for the fortune-tellers falsely accused King Kuta of misrepresenting the truth.
After informing the king of the arrival of the king's chariot, he took a position on the window and at the right moment opened his eyes and threw flowers at the king, who directed him to look and see. next to him. At the moment his eyes were locked, he gave his most attractive smile and went to his room. As expected, King Kutha sighed in the eyes of the most beautiful woman she had ever seen, and the king appeared to be filled with anxiety and realized how foolish she was to do it. The most beautiful and desirable woman to her general, without questioning the fortune tellers about her. He was there to buy it, and he refused. He was so forceful that he could not continue his parade and immediately returned to his palace. Immediately upon arrival, he went to his private room where he slept and cried in agony.
The story does not explain what happened to the priests after the king learned of the unpleasant trick they had been playing with and the pain he had endured. Instead, the story goes on with the general's suggestion to the king's wife, while King Kutha is more embarrassed than himself. The end of the story is that after the king was cured of bankruptcy, he continued his fair and just rule.
The story of Ummandandi and King Kutha is a favorite event with Kathein's Zat bands and especially when celebrating the Full Fresh Light Festival tomorrow. I hope you enjoyed this pwe (definitely did and it over and over) and this evening was held every year & # 39; You will accompany me to the magnificent swedagon pagoda of the pagoda weaving festival. The weaving contest will last until tomorrow morning. I can assure you that if you choose not to come with me, you will miss something that is truly impressive and exciting.
So we are already in the crowded area of the great Shwedagon Pagoda, and I congratulate you on the decision to accompany me. I promise you you will not regret it. Then we will follow the young weavers in action and at the same time enjoy the country-wide specialty of this night & # 39; Tasty Bud Salad & # 39; as people think it is a magical property, prepared under the full moon's magic light and healing all the diseases that it eats in time.
Cecia siamea is a common local name for a tree with thick leaves and flowers. It is a medium-sized tree that provides edible leaves and flower buds. The buds are greenish-brown, and the flowers are light yellow.
As I walk through my life, I'll tell you more about this event. When I talk about the Pagoda Weaving Festival, a similar race will start in pagodas all over the country. Some of the most famous are, of course, the Shwedagon Pagoda Bagan in Yangon, Ananda Temple, by King Kyanzittha in 1091, Mahamuni Pagoda in Mandalay, Kyauktawgyi Pagoda in Amarapura (Kingston, 1847) founded by King Thalun in 1636 and the very famous and unique Kyaiktiyo Pagoda, the Kaungmudaw Pagoda in Sagaing, the legendary King of the eleventh century. Tissue & # 39; builds by. as in the legend, it is Naga. His son was. (mythical half-snake and half-human) princess and one; Zaw Gyi & # 39; (alchemist, magician).
The pygmy Kyaiktio is located in the Mon State, between Pegu and Thaton (the capital of the mighty Mon kingdoms, both cities), about 6 miles / 10 km from Kyaiktown, on a gigantic gold-plated stone. of the Golden Rock & # 39 ;.
Kayaiktiyo pagoda Tazaungdaing is a pilgrimage center for thousands of Buddhists from all over Burma, on the Full Moon Day. On a full moon night, they attend a unique ceremony in which they presented nine thousand candles to Siddhartha Gautama Buddha and prayed.
Tazaungdaing On the night before Full Moon Day, unmarried girls and young women meet at the temple and pagoda fields to prove their weaving skills. Compared to the sufficiently excited Kathein victims, accompanied by all the patterns, such as folk dance. Pat Waing & # 39; (double-headed drum), & # 39; Pat Ma-Gyi & # 39; (large double-headed drum) and & # 39; H & # 39; (flute) music and gown weaving festivals are quite quiet, although, as you can see, young and old, women and men, weavers and caregivers do something equally enjoyable and entertaining. Kathein is one of the most important victims. By the end of the full moon day, a young woman will sit in front of her handkerchief and knit as much as she can, which is as fast as you can see.
The cotton and silk weaving skills in Burma have been around for a long time and are still highly valued if a young woman in rural areas is capable of knitting. It is a great honor for women to take part in a pagoda gown competition and of course say nothing – to win the competition. Winning or not earning is very rewarding and brings glory to the art and weaving of weaving. In the past, there were disputes between neighboring villages.
Weaving for the vast majority of people who know this. It is a fairly common term, using the freedom to give you a few insights to properly appreciate the weaving skills and achievements of weavers.
The hand knitting is a straight weave. The fabric produced on a bench is made of two sets of yarn or a combination of threads at the right angles. The dickey (long) yarn is called & # 39; whereas the horizontal thread is called & # 39; weaving & # 39; (American English fill in & # 39;).
The main process of weaving is that the tissue is alternately woven into a periodic process from one outer rod to the opposite outer rod (left to right and back), and the machine weaving process consists of four consecutive steps; Installation of rods, stacking and & # 39; defeat. In order to prepare the machine for work, the rods are woven together to form the surface of parallel threads. Then weaved at the beginning of cyclic weaving. This raises some sticks to allow the tissue to be properly positioned. In straight weaving, all the other rods are removed and the yarn consists of lower and upper rod threads. "Fill the gaps between the lower and raised rods." are called Then the weaver's seed is removed from the rod by casting, and & # 39; The ship is made up of threads with shaped ends, tips and ends. The next step is to beat & # 39; During this time, a new touch is required beforehand to obtain a compact piece. Fighting "rush & # 39;" is carried out with the help of a comb-like device. with tightly welded teeth. Finally raised rods & # 39; heddle & # 39; and is discarded. a new set of weaves is lifted for a new era that closes the seeds firmly in place.
In the above picture, young women are justly touching each other, and for their common purpose, the touchscreen will be displayed in the Buddha, which is more than a sharing of personal interests. There is no enmity between the contestants and they will celebrate with pleasure when services are taken away. But now they will start to touch and do it all night long until tomorrow morning. Their weaving speed is really astonishing. Hands, services and reeds flew in an endless period. Only a fraction of a millimeter thin strand is beneath the skillful hands that have become compact pieces. This piece grows in millimeters and centimeters and is finally ready for yellow and red.
The dawn is coming to an end soon, and the nightwear is in a solemn process presented to the buddha pictures of the relevant pagoda, the knights in the thighs, as well as the pongies. monasteries). After the carpet weaving and gown presentation, the weavers will then be able to get the rest they enjoy for the day with the Tazaungdaing Light Festival. Especially during the Tazaungdaing Light Festival, Tazaungdaing & Luis Festival, celebrated in the administrative capital of Taunggyi, Shaan. Pa-O is something that comes from the people (a Shan tribe).
This festival consists of two parts: day and night; hot air balloon racing. The balloons that often put the patience, love and money to build creators are really big (several meters in height, more in width and diameter), and are made mostly of pagodas or buildings in the form of religious buildings. real and mythical animals such as Hinta birds, dragons, horses and elephants. These hot air balloons are very impressive, to be sure, but even more cute. These are mainly hundreds of candle-lit night balloons made in the form of nightclubs. What the owners and creators of these balloons are proud of is something you can see when looking at their faces; and because of their pride they can be their masters. To be honest, I did not want to be a member of the winners and second place commission. I think everyone deserves the first price.
Together with groups of actresses and actors performing folk form of the theater. Anyein Pwe & # 39; a theatrical form that relates to everyday life episodes or shows the fantasy world (where the hero must overcome the demons & wizards & # 39;). musicians and groups of dancers representing a large number of vendors selling dance goods, such as toys, balloons, snacks and drinks; a happy and gay general atmosphere The Lu Pin Festival is truly an event that will never be forgotten; Like the Light Festival and the Pagoda Weaving Festival.
So, this is what it is now. I hope I have been able to have a good time by successfully entertaining Burma, its people and their culture.
I am waiting for you again.